Cattle (colloquially cows) are the most typical variety of huge trained ungulates. They are a prominent contemporary associate of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most unrestricted species of the genus Bos, and also are most frequently classified collectively as Bos primigenius. Cattle are reared as animals for meat (beef and also veal), as dairy cats for milk and other dairy goods, and also as draft pets (oxen / bullocks) (yanking carts, plows and so forth).

Additional items incorporate artificial leather and also dung for guano or fuel. In some nations, such as India, cattle are sacred. From as couple of as eighty progenitors tamed in southeast Turkey relating to 10,500 years ago, it is estimated that there are currently 1.3 billion livestocks in the world today.